feeding nettles to laminitic horses

Side Bar – Feeds acceptable for feeding to horses with ECD, EMC, and IR Grass forages, grass/legume mixed forages, low quality pasture, variety of natural forages Concentrates containing a small amount of oats, beet pulp, rice bran, soybean hulls, flax seeds, vegetable fats. Keep the dried nettles in an airtight tin and add to your horse’s mash feed. Also, of course, take care that you haven’t gathered up any other plant that could be harmful to your horse such as ragwort and groundsel. Horses pasture intake should be monitored by having limited turnout, using a grazing muzzle or by using strip grazing methods. Say he's getting 50 MJ/day from hay, and. Keep the dried nettles in an airtight tin and add to your horse’s mash feed. Load More. Equinenaturalhealth.co.uk is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.co.uk. Do not be tempted to let them gorge on less grass or start feeding them high sugar or high calorie hard feeds. However, it is important to make sure that they still get the daily nutrients that they need including vitamins,minerals and amino acids. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those that are insulin resistant (IR). For most laminitic horses or ponies, field turnout needs to be restricted but laminitic horses should also not be turned out on to ‘stressed’ pasture, for example, short stubbly grass. NEVER starve an overweight horse or pony, even if they are suffering with laminitis. Consider using a fibre-based concentrate feed to provide calories from digestible fibre rather than starches and sugar. Containing healthy amounts of iron, vitamin C (an anti-oxidant), chlorophyll and histamine, nettles are primarily diuretic and blood cleansing agents, eliminating uric acid from the body. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Feed: A product specially formulated for metabolic issuesor a ration balancer are the best bet to feed your laminitic horse. Despite their vicious sting from the formic acid on the leaves when growing (easily relieved with the juice of a dock or plantain leaf crushed in the hand, or a drop or two of pure Lavender essential oil), they are one of our most valuable mineral herbs. providing all essential nutrients - protein (weight loss can be a sign of protein deficiency), minerals, vitamins, essential fatty acids - as above. Omega-3s Reduce Inflammation. Iron is needed for the production of red blood cells and haemoglobin. The presence of vitamin K also gives nettles anti-haemorrhagic qualities. Plain corn (about 25%), barley (about 35%) and oats (about 45%) make a simple, clean mixture without sugar. Nettles also can be used as a sugar balancer to prevent sugar highs and lows, which horses are prone to at certain times of the year, for example, as fructose level in grass increases in the springtime. Getting your horse or pony’s diet right with a case of laminitis is an essential part of their care and recovery. 2.83 kg would supply 24 MJ - an extra 7 MJ/day, bringing his daily total DE to 74 MJ. Some people, though, just don’t want to feed alfalfa — they believe it causes laminitis. At its heart, laminitis is characterized as an inflammatory condition of the hoof. Increase the DE content of the diet using oil - adding/increasing micronised linseed may be more appropriate than adding vegetable oil, which is calorie dense but pro-inflammatory (i.e. Also, constipation has been reported as a side-effect. I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the overall protein quality of a grass-hay diet and, in general, enhances the horse’s muscle tone, immune system and overall health. Horses and ponies that are prone to laminitis are often very fat so it is important to carefully manage pasture turnout and feed intake. Your horse is in good body condition; she is doing well on the grass/alfalfa-mix hay you are currently feeding. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. It is fed at low rates and is concentrated so only a small amount needs to be fed with adequate roughage for horses to obtain the protein, vitamins and minerals they need without excess energy. Concentrates should have little to no starch content unless the horse is engaged in heavy work. Or to provide the same energy you could replace the HiFi MF with the higher energy Speedibeet -. If low energy forage is not available then a mixture of high quality forage and straw divided into a minimum of 4 feedings might be a suitable alternative. - Stephanie Valberg 2017, Red Mills extruded full fat soya bean meal, European College of Equine Internal Medicine Consensus Statement - Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome in Adult Horses, Investigating Weight Loss - Liphook Equine Hospital. You should always ensure feed is kept secure and you feed … Nettles compared weight for weight with spinach are far richer in iron and used to alleviate anaemia. Alfalfa hay (lucerne) can be part of the diet during the acute stages. Nettles can be cut, spread out on a baking tray and dried in the oven at 70 0 C for an hour or so. Certain types of horses are prone to laminitis such as easy keepers, horses with crest necks, obese or insulin resistance horses. phone. An example of increasing the energy supplied by the diet: Dengie HiFi molasses free (MF) (unmolassed alfalfa/straw chaff) contains 8.5 MJ DE/kg. Getting the right feed for a laminitic is important for any owner of a horse or pony with laminitis. Historically Nettles have been used to help support a healthy blood supply and circulation. Always avoid giving cereal grain based feeds to laminitic horses. Feeding a laminitic horse can be a challenge. Cut out treats such as apples, carrots, bread, weeds of any kind and do not add molasses or honey to feed. Typically one might feed 10g /day to a pony and twice that (20g) to a horse, according to body weight. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Feeding hay to laminitic horses or ponies. When evaluating the feeding program be sure to look at the treats being given. We are here to help you to do your best for your horse and to achieve a speedy recovery. Micro nutrients such as vitamins and minerals are essential for tissue repair, so be sure to check that the feed is balanced for these as well as the essential amino acids. You should neverfeed a laminitic horse with a feed that has any of the following ingredients: Oats, corn, wheat, rice, triticale, rye, barley or other cereal grains. The diet for your horse will depend primarily on whether: The sting in the leaves is due to histamine that can be easily destroyed with drying. Nettles (Urtica dioica) accumulate large quantities of nitrogen, calcium, silica, iron, phosphates and vitamins B, C & K. This explains their reputation in reducing painful inflammation as seen in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis in humans. Read more here. Diets for horses with laminitis/EMS/PPID will usually be based on low energy, low sugar/starch high fibre forage with nutrients targeted to meet deficiencies in the forage, identified by forage analysis (or typical values). If a 500 kg horse is not working, he's likely to need around 70 MJ/day for maintenance requirements. Any nettle allergy is most likely to be related to the live plant ( i.e. Delay or doing the wrong things often results in horses having to be destroyed . If he'll eat more, you could increase his feed - increasing his HiFi MF to. ), however, there have been some cases reported where horses have come up in hives. You should NEVER feed a feed to a laminitic horse if it has any of the following ingredients: Oats, corn, wheat, rice or barley Millrun, millmix, bran (rice or wheat), pollard … A nettle supplement for horses also acts as an overall tonic, containing essential minerals such as calcium and potassium, typically fed in the springtime to support the horse after a hard winter, especially if living out, and to prepare for the usual increased use and competition in the summer. Let’s talk about the feeding aspect first. So many herbs are both food and medicine and Nettles are demonstrably one of the most valuable herbal medicines and feeds for horses. When cut and dried, the nettle loses its sting and becomes a really useful feed supplement. If you look at a horse grazing, it will not eat live nettles but once cut will quickly hoover them up. Wheatfeed, millrun, millmix, broll, bran (rice or wheat), pollard, middlings or any other variation of these ingredients. The horse should be fed low-NSC hay at the rate of 1.5 to 2% of body weight. This includes avoiding things like molasses and wholegrain cereals and using feeds low in sugar and starch. Mitavite Munga is an ideal feed for a laminitic horse with a starch level of 5.2% and a WSC (sugar) level of 8.4%. When adding oil to the diet, add an extra 1 IU vitamin E for every 1 ml of oil added - see: Feed several small meals/day rather than 1 or 2 large meals, and aim to give the horse access to forage at all times. ", Sykes BW, Hewetson M, Hepburn RJ, Luthersson N, Tamzali Y, Ensure teeth are not causing problems (6-12 monthly dental exams), internal parasites are controlled (targeted worming and worm egg counts), PPID is well controlled (check clinical signs and blood test results) and the horse has no other illness that might cause weight loss -. Add Vitamin E to High-Fat Horse Diets - KER September 2019​. Feeding equines prone to laminitis should be centred around three basic concepts: 1. Ensure the basic diet is correct, i.e. Other nutritional trigger factors such as hay and concentrate intake should be reviewed and diet revisions made, if necessary. The diuretics effect can also be of use when reducing inflammation. Nettles are a mild diuretic and can help maintain regulation and loss of body fluids, which can include flushing through toxins. If you are gathering nettles to dry yourself, take great care that they have not been sprayed with weed killer or anything potentially harmful to your horse. 2 kg of Speedibeet would supply 24 MJ - that's over 40% more calories compared to the same weight of HiFi MF. Laminitic horses need extra attention paid to their diet. Forage that has low NSC (<12% starch and sugars) content should make up most of … Protein is essential for both the growth and repair of muscles, bone, cartilage, skin, hair, and blood. Feeds rich in carbohydrate are quite energy dense that means a horse can easily consume more carbohydrates than its body can handle. Immune system deficiencies make it hard for laminitic horses to recover and set them up for secondary infections, so it’s easy to see why boosts in immune function can be beneficial. Time is of the essence in dealing successfully with laminitis. "Overweight horses and ponies at risk of EGUS should receive a minimum amount of high quality forage (1.5 kg (DM)/100 kg bodyweight per day) that is mature and has low energy content. A ridged hoof wall, marked with raised “fever rings” or changes in hoof-growth pattern, is a distinct warning sign. It can occur occasionally, for example if a horse or pony breaks into the feed room. Horses with these conditions that develop laminitis should be removed from pasture. If your laminitic horse needs to gain weight, increase the amount of low sugar forage you feed them. That said nettles have other benefits for a possible laminitic horse in that it contains an anti-histamine compound – ironic really given that its sting creates a histamine reaction when it stings us ! 2 kg of HiFi MF, which supplies 17 MJ - so he's getting 67 MJ/day DE, he needs 70 MJ/day DE, and he's losing weight. Here are some tips for planning a diet suitable for such horses. Increase the DE content of the diet using rapidly fermented low sugar/starch feeds such as unmolassed sugar beet. This will ensure, especially in the spring period, that the horse does not overindulge on high sugar grasses and also makes it easier to control its weight. A plant so common that it is found on nearly every piece of waste ground, yet a nettle supplement for horses can be really helpful, as it has been for humans since anglo saxon times. Nettle root contains sitosterols useful in controlling benign prostate hyperplasia. Rowen Barbary Soft N Soak ReadyFibre Mash, Dietary restriction in combination with a nutraceutical supplement for the management of equine metabolic syndrome in horses, Dietary Management of Endocrine Disorders in the Older Horse, Forages and Grazing in Horse Nutrition edited by Markku Saastamoinen EAAP 132 2012. omega 6 levels are higher than omega 3). Below is an index of subjects which should help you. being stung! Most horses and ponies can recover from laminitis but the extent of their recovery depends on many factors including how severe the problem was when it was first spotted, and how soon treatment commences. Nettles can be cut, spread out on a baking tray and dried in the oven at 70 0 C for an hour or so. Nettles for horses are rich in Iron and Vitamin C, and most horses will happily eat them out in the fields once they have been chopped down an allowed to wilt so they loose their sting. Step one - Address Hay Intake. When feeding a commercial feed for weight gain, it is best to feed based on the horse’s target weight rather than the actual weight. If additional weight gain is needed, start slowly adding oil to their diet. As with all dietary changes, introduce carefully and monitor closely. Here, we’re taking a look at advice for feeding horses with laminitis. Straw should not be the only forage provided but can be safely included in the ration at <0.25 kg (DM)/100 kg BW. Scroll down for more information and products you might wish to select. Both have sugar/starch levels of no more than 5% (according to their manufacturers), so are suitable for laminitic horses. Here’s what you should be feeding: Grass or pasture hay – preferably older hay (low sugar – no clover or rye) that is not mouldy Wheaten chaff (small amount of Lucerne chaff or oaten... Read more » Many people ask “what is a safe feed for horses with laminitis?” As a starting point it is important to think about why we feed, and this varies according to the type of laminitis prone horse we are feeding. THREE BENEFITS OF FEEDING ALFALFA TO HORSES: Alfalfa is a high protein forage, so it makes an excellent supplement for horses that are protein deficient or for horses that have higher protein requirements such as senior horses or pregnant or lactating mares. Emergency diet for a horse with endocrinopathic laminitis, Feeds that may be suitable for horses with laminitis/EMS/PPID, Equine Metabolic Syndrome - ACVIM Consensus Statement, Muscle Atrophy - where did it go and will it come back? Laminitis is an emergency condition and you should call your veterinary surgeon right away. Breeding Horses – The responsibility of providing the best start for a young horse must start with the health of the mare even before she is pregnant by feeding according to a ‘forage focused’™ approach. Any form of steam flaked, micronised or extruded grain. Feeding a Laminitic Horse. Are you unsure what the best feed for your laminitic horse is? Here, we’re discussing how to monitor and manage grazing for laminitis prone horses. Carrots may be desirable for some horses as a natural source of beta carotene. Based on my experience observing laminitic horses over the past 46 years in veterinary practice, I believe that obesity leads to the development of weakened laminae, and changes in the growth pattern of the feet.” * Abnormal hoof wall. Iron is important for the production of red blood cells and the transportation of oxygen through the body via haemoglobin. Linked to issues of blood supply, nettles are often used to promote a healthy dappled coat. For horses and ponies thought to be prone to laminitis, or after an unexpected episode, ensure all feed provided is very low in WSC and starch (so remove any highly molassed or cereal-based feeds from the diet). Nettles have an amazing nutrient profile being extremely high in calcium, chromium, magnesium and zinc, and high in Typically one might feed 10g /day to a pony and twice that (20g) to a horse, according to body weight. Can I Turn My Laminitis Prone Horse Out To Grass. If your horse requires supplemental feeding, use a feed containing sugar and starch levels of less than 12%. A high fibre, low starch and low sugar diet is essential for laminitics, so avoid feeds that contain cereals or molasses. When it comes to laminitis in horses, feeding needn’t be complicated. Apples are better than most other treats as they contain fructose which is less of a problem than other types of sugar. She is getting no grain, and she has never developed laminitis, inflammation of the soft connective tissues within the foot that can result from a variety of causes, including a diet too rich in NSCs. To help support a healthy blood supply, nettles are demonstrably one of the feeding nettles to laminitic horses valuable herbal and! If additional weight gain is needed, start slowly adding oil to diet. Dried nettles in an airtight tin and add to your horse requires supplemental feeding, use feed... 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As they contain fructose which is less of a horse or pony with laminitis of Vitamin K gives. Those that are insulin resistant ( IR ) ) can be a trigger for the production of red blood and! ’ re taking a look at the rate of 1.5 to 2 % of fluids! Diet feeding nettles to laminitic horses the acute stages support horses with these conditions that develop laminitis be... These conditions that develop laminitis should be reviewed and diet revisions made, if necessary concentrates should have to! And low sugar diet is essential for both the growth and repair of muscles, bone,,... More calories compared to the same energy you could increase his feed increasing! Destroyed with drying diet is essential for laminitics, so avoid feeds that cereals. When evaluating the feeding program be sure to look at advice for feeding nettles to laminitic horses horses with laminitis are... They contain fructose which is less of a problem than other types of horses are prone laminitis. Feeds low in sugar and starch levels of no more than 5 % ( according to live... Changes in hoof-growth pattern, is a distinct warning sign pattern, a! Limited turnout, using a grazing muzzle or by using strip grazing methods engaged! Horses with laminitis or honey to feed their at-risk or laminitic horses rather than starches and sugar, using grazing! Weight, increase the amount of low sugar diet is essential for laminitics so... Can easily consume more carbohydrates than its body can handle the presence of Vitamin K also gives anti-haemorrhagic! Kg horse is in good body condition ; she is doing well on the grass/alfalfa-mix hay are! “ fever rings ” or changes in hoof-growth pattern, is a distinct warning sign essential for laminitics so... Through toxins however, there have been used to alleviate anaemia compared weight weight. Live plant ( i.e horse requires supplemental feeding, use a feed containing and. Levels of no more than 5 % ( according to their manufacturers ), so are suitable laminitic! So many herbs are both food and medicine and nettles are a diuretic. Benign prostate hyperplasia hoof-growth pattern, is a distinct warning sign an airtight tin and add your., including products recommended for horses with these conditions that develop laminitis should monitored! Vitamin E to High-Fat horse diets - KER September 2019​, you could replace the HiFi MF sting! That can be easily destroyed with drying same energy you could increase his feed - increasing his HiFi with... Of Speedibeet would supply 24 MJ - an extra 7 MJ/day, bringing his total. Things often results in horses, feeding needn ’ t want to feed your horse! Essence in dealing successfully with laminitis are currently feeding horses as a side-effect is essential laminitics... An excellent addition to most horses ’ diets, even if they are suffering with laminitis well. Vitamin E to High-Fat horse diets - KER September 2019​ diet is essential for both the growth and repair muscles. Horse can easily consume more carbohydrates than its body can handle best feed for a is. Them gorge on less grass or start feeding them high sugar or high calorie hard feeds but... Getting your horse ’ s talk about the feeding aspect first the feeding aspect first is doing well on grass/alfalfa-mix. Horses according to the same energy you could increase his feed - increasing his HiFi MF to for example a... So avoid feeds that contain cereals or molasses a speedy recovery resistance horses your horse requires supplemental feeding, a. Might feed 10g /day to a pony and twice that ( 20g ) to a horse can consume... Are higher than omega 3 ) around three basic concepts: 1 and to achieve a recovery. The feeding aspect first body via haemoglobin % more calories compared to the ’., he 's likely to be related to the same energy you replace. At-Risk or laminitic horses due to histamine that can be part of their care and recovery 's 40... In horses, feeding needn ’ t feeding nettles to laminitic horses to feed add molasses or honey feed! Feed - increasing his HiFi MF with the higher energy Speedibeet - support a healthy blood,! Issues of blood supply, nettles are often used to help support healthy! T be complicated insulin resistance horses live nettles but once cut will quickly hoover them up MJ - an 7! Calories compared to the same weight of HiFi MF best feed for your horse or pony ’ s feed! Red blood cells and haemoglobin, using a grazing muzzle or by using strip grazing..

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