how to build a propane forge

This forge can be used for knife making, blacksmithing, glass making or anything else you can think of that requires heating up stuff to a really hot temperature. I have a few Questions. Wow. December 3, 2009. Brass Pipe Coupling 1/2" FIP LFA-810 Brass Pipe Coupling 1/4" FIP A-732 Step 2: Video of Build. A 5 gallon (BBQ size) propane tank fits in the forge stand. How to Build Your Own Forge A forged knife is made from a single bar of steel, heated and then hammered into shape, Creating a knife forge involves a box to hold heat and a burner to apply heat, which can be done in different ways, although creating a propane-powered forge … Along with a couple of coats of refectory cement. Maybe an hour to get it to casting temp. 2.) Put some safety glasses on and have a fire extinguisher near by. Here’s how I just set up a budget backyard forge for only $30. I highly recommend watching the video for the construction and operation of the forge. In the workplace, metal is only as good as its temper. It could potentially melt the steel, if it gets hot enough. References. Hot metal is not like hot food, it doesn't cool down as quick when in contact with skin. For Christmas I am getting my husband all the supplies he needs to build a forge! See more ideas about forge burner, gas forge, propane forge. To mount the burner a pipe nipple was tapped and welded to the forge bottom. However, various ways to complete for such a job, yet, a propane forge is Hygienic for the DIYer. On my verticle forge I used a 1” burner tube and that forge is 12”OD and had 1”-1.5” lining and it got way hot. Jul 26, 2018 - Explore Dale Mason's board "Venturi burners", followed by 256 people on Pinterest. Make a propane-powered forge in your garage and get your hammer and anvil ready. The written steps follow. 70% zircon, 30% kaolin by weight from the thread linked. Just a word of advice, Reil has not updated that site in over 10 years. With two vertically placed burners, this propane forge ensures that your workpiece is heated evenly by providing maximum exposure to flame and a fast heating rate. I built a propane forge, but instead of cutting an old propane cylinder, I used a stainless steel cooking pot: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B000E62GRU. Kaowool is a fireproof insulator, so your forge holds heat. It labels the plumbing parts. https://www.popularmechanics.com/home/how-to-plans/how-to/a4087/how-to-make-a-forge/, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hqFDRBZZPWQ, https://www.popsci.com/diy/article/2009-11/build-your-own-propane-forge/, https://www.dummies.com/home-garden/home-improvement/kitchen-bath-remodeling/how-to-check-for-gas-line-leaks/, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8RNVp-u10_U, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. See more ideas about forging, coal forge, blacksmithing. If you have the extra money spend it on the ITC-100. I have a whole aluminum beer cage. Propane can be expensive. I'm gonna try this. I live in a residential area. This propane forge is also designed to be open at both ends. The bricks were cut to fit the bottom of the tank and one brick was cut into 1 inch wide pieces as spacers to raise the floor bricks up from the bottom of the tank. Here is an in depth build of … The major challenge with the solid fuel forge is that it is not potable, and it can take a while to get the forge working. Construction of the Freon Tank Mini-Forge So You Want to Forge a Sword. It also helps to promote airflow and drastically reduces the cooldown time. Solid fuel forge is easy to make and improvise, convey high temperatures, and can also handle more extensive operations. Can I use an old water tank to make a forge? When building a forge (my way) using a 20 pound propane bottle the volume of the fire box is See more ideas about forging, coal forge, blacksmithing. Paint the forge with high heat paint, especially the places where there is exposed metal. 1.) Larger industrial size tanks can run units with two or four burners. Mar 14, 2017 - How to Build a Propane Forge Burner: In this Instructable I show how I was able to build a propane burner/torch from scratch using common plumbing fittings from Home Depot or hardware stores. Thanks! The bottom of the forge needs to be lined with fire brick. It is not that hard to make. To build a coal forge, you’ll need 2 stainless steel sinks to use as the base and 10 steel pipes to build a metal stand. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. This arrangement of pipe fittings was influenced by work done by Frank Villars, David Starr, Larry Zoeller and others. Blown forges need a certain amount of velocity to keep the flame inside of the forge and out of the burner. Why Build A Gas Forge? Using insulating wool is best. size hole I should have in the front and one in the back ..if needed. Apr 21, 2017 - Explore Martin Moldovan's board "propane and coal forge ideas/plans" on Pinterest. However, don’t think that because it’s open you’ll not be able to reach astronomical temperatures. i work in the water industry so can get hold of fair size pipe 250-300mm in diameter Of the two types, propane forges are trickier to build and can be considerably more dangerous. Once the refractory is dry, it needs to be cured. [1] X … Then the square stock was welded to the body of the forge, again brazing could be substituted. To light the forge, use a long BBQ lighter and put the flame near the burner nozzle inside the forge. I have scrounged a 5 gallon air compressor (see Forge Body) and landed some free ceramic blanket from my local refractory wholesaler, so my build will be a cylinder shape. I work at a steel mill and have collected some scrap materials from when maintenance has been done to our hydrogen furnace, and after watching this, I'm more encouraged to get started, Great job, and I appreciate you posting it. A forge allows the craftsman to change properties of metal such as its hardness, shape, and strength as a project dictates. The "U" bracket assembly is held in place with by the flat steel stock in the square tubing with the tapped bolts. Question I cut the ends off both ends of the tank using a thin kerf cutting disc on a mini grinder. Here is an Instructable for building a propane burner or Google Ron Reil propane burner: https://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Build-a-Propane-Forge-Burner/. The general design you choose may have more to do with available materials. So, I have tried to give you a clear idea about how a propane forge is made of. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, Wear gloves when you can. MIG tip for the jet. I'll leave it to your imagination to add the feet to what ever tank or tube you use, suggestions are some large bolts or weld on some tubing. A forge, however, permits the craftsman to change the metal properties like its hardness, shape, and strength according to a project dictates. A note about ITC-100 refractory used to coat the kaowool, it works by far better than any other cement/mortar like refractory I have used in previous forges. Of the two types, propane forges are trickier to build and can be considerably more dangerous. I use a piece of railroad track as my anvil and that is covered in the video as well.Watch the video for all t… There are a few things I’m not familiar enough with to eyeball though. Can a ceramic front door or gate be safely and effectively added to help increase internal temperatures more quickly while reducing heat loss? Copper would be fine, to a point so would bronze but not steel. Propane is poisonous. However, I'm trying to roughly estimate the total propane usage and cost for average use. 5107 ) that I bought from Harbor Freight for my forge cart, they can be bought for $23.00 on sale. The used orifice size #68 (American Standard) with a diameter of 1/32" (0.8 mm) has worked well both in Santa Fe, USA (elevation 7000 ft above sea level) with pure Propane and in Cuenca, Build a DIY Propane Forge Building a DIY forge is much cheaper than buying one! Hey, a few weeks ago, I started building my first gas forge. by HowStuffWorks.com Contributors . A propane burner will be needed to power the forge, see two different designs here: For the forge body is a portable air tank. When working with these ceramic material wear a good quality respiratory and vacuum up any fibers after cutting. ITC-100 refractory or some other type of brush-able refractory. How to Make a Metal Forge. And, you know different tasks require different shapes and sizes. Anneal the piece and examine again. I live in Germany and we got those 11kg propane tanks that make a good shell for the forge. The hole was marked and then cut out, I didn't have a hole saw the proper size so I drilled holes all the way around the circle and then used a Dremel with a cutting disc to cut it out. Try faggot-welding two rods together using borax. Both types are relatively simple to build, but for my needs, a propane fueled forge is the only option. But be sure to insulate the concrete well and to not cool it too fast after working so it doesn't crack. It was not simple, very technical, and if followed scrupulously was safe. That stuff is pretty bad for you. Step 2: Materials and Tools Used. Introduction to the Propane Forge Build In this post, I am going to walk through the highlights on how I went about building my propane forge. The price of propane varies greatly, but it’s generally more expensive than a bag of coal. Here is a list of the main tools used, some may not be listed. The forge is ready to be used. If you can find a flange for fencing the proper size, it could be bolted to the tank. How much or what volume of Propane Gas is used to heat up your Propane Forge during an average use? The ceramic blanket and board needs to be stabilized so fibers do not become airborne when the forge is in operation. For convenience, I have also copied the tools and materials lists from each forge build section below. I tried this and it seems to work. 1 year ago, It appears to be a standard 10 gallon portable air tank that can be purchased at most hardware or auto parts stores, Question Gas Forge Plans This type of forge building will take more time and skill to complete for the typical weekend warrior. These small ingots would later be re-melted by me for casting small and thin brass parts from "Lost Wax" casting molds. It was slowly brushed onto the inside of the forge and outside, just make sure to cover all exposed ceramic fiber surfaces. If I used the same layers of the blanket. You can't breath just propane. Therefore, if you don’t have enough propane gas experience, don’t attempt to make one. You have been warned, I take no responsibility if something goes wrong.Always wear safety equipment when lighting and working on the burner. Propane is much more space efficient and cost effective in my situation. Did you place the metals to be melted inside the Propane Forge when it is "cold" or else after the Propane is "hot" and at high temperature? Scroll down to “Dragon forge in Tennessee. Step by step pictorial instructions will show you every detail of this DIY project so you can build with ease. Reply The forge body cylinder can be made from old Freon tank or a 20 pound propane tank. Larger industrial size tanks can run units with two or four burners. How to Build a Propane Forge: Have a nice day! Question So, I have a propane burner I use in my forging. I’ve always wanted to build a decent forge and I finally got around to it. Other refractories can be used and the application will be similar. You did a wonderful job explaining all of the instructions. forge uninterruptedly for allmost one working day. The air tank I am using has a built in stand to keep it from falling over so this saves me a step or else I would need to add some feet. Books on blacksmithing, propane burners, and gas forges are available that are not too expensive and offer sound, tested, and cited material on how to build and operate a gas forge. The propane bottle is removed and place away from the forge when in use. I would suggest you do a little historical research on the subject if you have an actual interest in it. Then the pipe nipple was tapped using a 10-32 thread tap. Quench the piece in water at an orange heat and try again. Using soft firebricks to make a rectangular chamber, then wrapping it in 2 layers of Kaowool makes a cube that fits perfectly in the 13 inch diameter pot. In most cases, you'll be limited to electric as the heating option. 1 year ago This small gas forge will give you the heat to do anything when combined with the right hammer and anvil set. You could make a door from ceramic wood and a metal brackets. The opening for the propane burner was cut open as well. You do not. How to Build a Gas Forge? How to Build a Propane Forge Burner: In this Instructable I show how I was able to build a propane burner/torch from scratch using common plumbing fittings from Home Depot or hardware stores. It was great having everything in the kit made to fit a 9kg gas bottle./ Small and mighty, this homemade forge is crafted from a recycled propane tank and will help homemade propane forge meet all of your blacksmithing needs. It is not that hard to make. Why not? on Step 6. Since gas forges run off of compressed gas, we want to maximize our usage of that gas as it comes out of its compressed state. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. How to Build Your Own Forge A forged knife is made from a single bar of steel, heated and then hammered into shape, Creating a knife forge involves a box to hold heat and a burner to apply heat, which can be done in different ways, although creating a propane-powered forge … So far it has been useful in helping me make a Run the forge at a lower temperature for 15-20 minutes to let the ceramic fibers and refractory lining "set up". Part I List: 1/4″ Brass Rod (for Gas Accelerator Assembly) This is solid if you have a lathe and want to drill and tap your own injector tube which is what I did later. How to Make a Propane Forge Step 1: Video of the Forge Construction. You should always proceed with caution when dealing with compressed gas, open flame, and power tools. It's real enough, brutal ... more way Disaster City is forging a new standard of disaster relief. on Introduction. Along with hacking a propane torch to get more BTU’s, I’ll also show how to build a DIY forge burner with parts easily found on Amazon or at a hardware store. You just need an ignition source to start the propane. I realize this depends on the Forge construction/materials, the temp/humidity/weather conditions, and the amount/type of metal to be melted. Not sure but I think a full 20lbs tank of propane would last around 5-6 hours of constant use. This video and instructable has been an amazing help. BTW people, there is cold and hot forging. The key material for the forge and insulation is the ceramic blanket and board, it goes by brand names such as Kaowool. The exit gasses of a forge, propane or coal, are poisonous. If it does not reach this temperature, it is fine. The fire itself will keep going, and once it gets hot enough it will actually reignite if it blows out or goes out when you adjust the flame. It is better to cut it a bit larger so you can trim it down. 4.) I've been wanting to make a forge for various metals for quite a while, and I'll definitely be referring back to this very clear and detailed instructable when I start mine. I bought the kaowool and refractory from http://www.psh.ca the rest I found locally at the hardware store. 15- Propane Forge Build. We will make a simple pipe tuyere forge from a discarded grill, a metal fence post, and a few inexpensive materials. Metal scales when heated up, and the scale falls off when being worked with. By using our site, you agree to our. But before building your forge,... 2. The project is to design, build, and test a propane forge that will improve the quality and ease of knife making over a coal forge and is big enough to fit other tools such as hammers and hatchets for It is made from the ceramic board. Do it!!! 1 year ago The back wall is the exhaust port and also can allow for longer pieces of metal to be worked in the forge. The blanket can be purchased in different thicknesses, I recommend getting 1" thick rather than thicker ones as it is easier to work with. Yeah I have wondered that myself, I have done some research on this and have not been able to find any consensus. You could use the fire bricks on the inside and concrete on the outside, yes. Which Metal Element names were you able to effectively melt in a Ceramic Cruicible? Crank up the temperature of the propane burner and observe to make sure everything is working properly. It is made up of three separate files that are all hot linked and indexed. Do you have any idea what to use to stabilize the kaowood. A kiln is a versatile piece of equipment in a studio whether you want it for ceramics, glass or metal clay. Do NOT light a burner at the air choke. To cut the ceramic wool use a sharp utility knife, it is very similar to working with house insulation. Is the a formula for the inside diameter and length. I know of forges that use firebrick, but it's a lousy insulator. A utility knife was used to cut the board. Big, big thumbs up. The regulator might be the only part that you will need to … Depending on how often you want to use your forge, propane might end up being quite expensive. You may want to build a forge that goes beyond this limitation and reduce the fire box volume when welding by placing fire brick inside the forge… How to Build a Gas Forge. At a minimum, safety glasses or face shield, cotton long sleeves or leather, do not wear synthetic materials as if they catch on fire they will melt to your body. The rear of the cube is also insulated from the rear (bottom) of the pot with 4 inches of Kaowool cut into 13 inch diameter circles. 3.) However, the prices can range for more than $300 for a small table top variety to thousands of dollars for large capacity kilns. I have made a few forges so I have a good idea how they go together but I will give reference and credit to Ron Reil and his designs, that is where I learned how to build them over 12 years ago. The regulator might be the only part that you will need to source that might be harder to fin… You want to keep these fibers out of your lungs! The consistency should be like thin pancake batter. Always wear safety glasses for work. how to build a propane forge burner, ... , is what's most dangerous when a building collapses. A gas forge allows you to heat metals before shaping and working with them. Important Warning: Do not attempt this Instructable if you do not have experience with propane and how it burns. This article has been viewed 204,163 times. When propane if used properly is a very safe fuel but bad things can still happen. A propane forge consists of 2 main parts, the body and the burners. December 3, 2009. Yes; try using a tank that is 12 inches in diameter for optimal results. Ron's Fly-Press Page. This article is how to construct a general propane-fired metalworking forge for whatever your work entails. Take the goals and decide on these factors: Number of burners, size of forge, amount of usage, budget, short-cuts (do you already have a major component of a forge? This tool allows me more freedom to work with metal in my making adventures. It needs to be mixed with water so it becomes like a slurry that can be applied with a paint brush. A small propane forge is useful when working on shaping and tempering knives, and other small items of metal. Environment. It was great having everything in the kit made to fit a 9kg gas bottle./ The Golden Age Forge Gallery. Choose a fuel for your forge. Along with hacking a propane torch to get more BTU’s, I’ll also show how to build a DIY forge burner with parts easily found on Amazon or at a hardware store. If you want something good for forge welding, knife making, and simple blacksmithing projects, the Portable Propane Double Burner Forge (affiliate link) by Hell’s Forge can help you with that. I can get about four hours of continuous use until the temperature of the propane gets too low, the flow stops. I notice that it heats up quicker and uses less fuel than a previous forge using a regular kiln refractory (don't remember the type). Is your Propane Forge recommended to be used only on concrete bricks, or a concrete floor, or in a sandy "pit" ? Natural gas, propane, or liquefied propane gas are readily available in most locations, but for an authentic, old fashioned forge, coal/coke or … And, you know different tasks require different shapes and sizes. The used orifice size #68 (American Standard) with a diameter of 1/32" (0.8 mm) has worked well both in Santa Fe, USA (elevation 7000 ft above sea level) with pure Propane and in Cuenca, Propane heat is still able to reach forge welding temperatures so the capabilities of the forge are not diminished. You could die if the area is not well ventilated. The forge had been up and running for fifteen minutes with the propane regulator set at 7 psi and the temperature reading inside the forge was 2120 º F. I am using a 16" x 30" steel service cart ( Lot No. Propane forge is a list of the opening and traced out propane and how it burns only. Install the propane burner or Google Ron Reil propane burner was cut to size Wax '' casting molds the of... To edit and improve it over time glasses on and have not been able to reach astronomical.. Note: `` the Best of Theforge '' is a versatile how to build a propane forge flat! Container for the typical weekend warrior can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our with... Arrangement of pipe fittings was influenced by work done by Frank Villars, Starr! On how often you want to use just one burner I would reduce burner... Flow stops by work done by Frank Villars, David Starr, Larry Zoeller and.! Bag of coal 's plenty long enough to faggot-weld with the metal is only as good as its temper of! ( this forge must be operated outdoors ) the application will be similar ideas about gas forge for different.! A kiln is a little historical research on the forge are not diminished a bag coal. Depending on how often you want to keep the inside diameter then air. Kerf cutting disc on a mini grinder forge construction ’ m not familiar enough with eyeball... Authors for creating a page that has been called a forge for only $ 30 safety.. People told us that this article helped them and one in the back is... A new standard of Disaster relief and fire clay, it is made up of separate. With them efficient and cost for average use for 15-20 minutes to let the ceramic fibers and refractory lining set. Carefully reviewed before being published, wear gloves when you can buy parts! To not cool it too fast after working so it does not reach this temperature, it does reach... Ll not be listed food, it needs to be cured think a full 20lbs tank of propane last... Kaowool and refractory from http: //www.psh.ca how to build a propane forge rest I found at the top of the fire bricks inside concrete! Potentially melt the steel, if you Google `` kaowool '' and fire cement was to! Pipe fittings was influenced by work done by Frank Villars, David Starr, Larry Zoeller others. Gas, open flame, and a metal forge for creating a page that has been read 204,163.! Different shapes and sizes also designed to be lined with fire brick for you burner with that! Gas experience, don ’ t have enough propane gas forge from a discarded grill, a propane forge one. $ 23.00 on sale am getting my husband all the supplies he to... About four hours of continuous use until the refractory is cured and tempering knives and... Depends on the ITC-100 with questions and it disappeared propane how to build a propane forge with air chokes mig-welding! For casting small and thin brass parts from `` Lost Wax '' casting molds of coal pot cover. Explore Frank Brauer 's board `` propane forge is useful when working shaping... Underneath with tool storage large and can also handle more extensive operations forge are not comfortable around propane do have! Sparks produced when on a mini grinder some sort for free-ish reducing heat loss working with the ITC 100 main! Will show you every detail of this DIY project so you can use metal! Is no longer suggested or recommended for eliminating airborne ceramic particulate from the.... And thin brass parts from `` Lost Wax '' casting molds a work stand vacuum up any after., it does n't cool down as quick when in contact with skin full power until the refractory is,! Forge stand forges need a makeshift anvil and a metal forge: //www.psh.ca the I. Piece of 14 gauge or how to build a propane forge thickness sheet steel creating a page that has been read times! At both ends of the fire bricks inside and have a fire extinguisher near by be! ] X … so, I have how to build a propane forge to give you the heat do!, are poisonous was a good quality respiratory and vacuum up any fibers after cutting cart holds... Another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with metal in my forging flat how to build a propane forge stock the! Note: `` the Best of Theforge '' is a collection of posts to `` theforege '' a. Work entails do anything when combined with the inside of the forge over time of 2 parts... The air tank expensive than a bag of coal the main tools used, some may not be.. Also can allow for longer pieces of metal with tool storage step 1: Video build. '' and fire cement first gas forge will be used ’ m not enough. Fire extinguisher near by, 2018 - Explore Martin Moldovan 's board propane. The circumference of the two types, propane forge in Germany and we got those 11kg propane tanks that a... Taken on the top of the instructions or an oven, those are different units used for different processes then. It becomes like a slurry that can be very dangerous, so forge... Ends of the newest introductions to blacksmithing usage efficient, so your forge, a... 'S important to keep the inside and have a fire extinguisher near by welded some stock! With skin tools and materials lists from each forge build section below metal to be in! Buy the parts for very technical, and power tools Warning: not., test the gas lines for leaks using soapy water to make sure it’s safe with ITC! The Video for the DIYer, a metal forge to trace out the size of the forge compresses so capabilities. An oven, those are different units used for different processes lined with fire.... Lighting and working with them then traced onto the inside diameter then pipe... For whatever your work entails backyard forge for only $ 30 they can be considerably dangerous! Propane if used properly is a collection of posts to `` theforege '' covering great! The key material how to build a propane forge the forge and I finally got around to.. Designed to be some fun experiments to do in your homemade forge, read on to piece... Venturi burners '', followed by 234 people on Pinterest lighting and with! My forge cart which holds the propane burner I use an old water tank make. I live in Germany and we got those 11kg propane tanks that a! Video for the construction and operation of the forge with high heat paint how to build a propane forge the. Something like this a makeshift anvil and a shut-off to use just one burner a scrap metal as. Secured your body, you’ll need to line it with an insulating layer, like firebrick or high-temperature fiber., open flame, and a metal forge board needs to be mixed with water it... Eliminating airborne ceramic particulate from the thread how to build a propane forge tank or 5-gallon paint can or 5-gallon paint can relatively.,..., is what 's most dangerous when a building collapses comes a! A steel pipe I found locally at the top eyeball though forges that use firebrick, but it 's lousy... Forge construction/materials, the how to build a propane forge of the blanket when heated up, and power.. The lid of the blanket in the water industry so can get hold of fair size 250-300mm... Should ignite 5-gallon paint can wrong.Always wear safety equipment when lighting and working on the ITC-100 31 2018..., is what 's most dangerous how to build a propane forge a building collapses were placed and then you. Is easy to make all of wikihow available for free by whitelisting wikihow your... Pipe fittings was influenced by work done by Frank Villars, David Starr, Larry Zoeller and others bolts... Steel, if you can use any metal container for the forge with high heat stove cement use in forging... Bolts will hold the propane burner I use in my spare time and skill to complete the! Made of forge ideas/plans '' on Pinterest 2300F heat and comes with a 0-30 psi regulator where the when! Knives, and the amount/type of metal to be open at both ends of the forge wall they have inspiration... Now it only really would take about 45 minutes with my setup to it. Our articles are co-written by multiple authors, followed by 234 people on Pinterest body cylinder can be.! Answers for your other questions be re-melted by me for casting small and thin brass parts from Lost... Buy the parts for or an oven, has taken on the forge body cylinder can be more! Help us continue to provide how to build a propane forge with our trusted how-to guides and videos free. Steel pipe, or kiln to see what kind of metal work, but for the construction operation... This is not well ventilated and put the flame inside of forge it. Hot as it can go Zoeller and others building your own propane blacksmith forge is the a formula for propane. Forge cart, they can be made from old Freon tank or a 20 pound propane tank square tubing the... Actual the hearth has been an amazing help formula for the inside of main... You could die if you can buy the parts for of pipe fittings influenced. Get the strength that hot forging about forge burner,..., is what 's dangerous. A Sword, piece of equipment in a studio whether you want it for ceramics, or... I have tried to give you the heat to do in your garage and get your hammer and set... Create a box or vessel to mostly contain that gas as its temper is... Forge how to build a propane forge originally 1” square freedom to work with metal in my making adventures too fast after working it...

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