types of crabs

Red King crabs are generally caught in cold North Pacific seas around Alaska, such as the Bering Sea and Norton Sound. There are roughly 1,100 species of Hermit crabs, divided into seven different families. Puget sound king crab is the next types of ocean crabs. They are essentially sand or Maine crabs, but once the name was changed to “peekytoes,” their popularity took off. The leg span can reach a massive 18 ft. (5.5 m) in length. Among the three types the Alaskan king crab is known to be the popular crab with relatively high prices. Compared to varieties of seawater crabs, the Southern European crab is tiny in comparison. Bairdi crabs have short tails and are very specialized. Horsehair crabs are generally found in the waters around Alaska and Northern Japan. This type of crab is identified by its brown color and purplish spots on its hard shell. But unlike most hermit crabs, coconut crabs develop a hard, calcified shell for protection. Other names include Queen crabs and tanner crabs. For my money, pound for pound (and king crabs can weigh up to 10 pounds each), I’d go with Alaskan red king crab legs over lobster tail any day. When it comes to taste, the spider crab has a sweeter taste than brown varieties of crab. Let’s look in more detail at some of the most popular types of crabs that you can eat. by Aaron Baldwin. Other commercially important taxa include Portunus pelagicus, several species in the genus Chionoecetes, the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus), Charybdis spp., Cancer pagurus, the Dungeness crab (Metacarcinus magister), and Scylla serrata, each of which yields more than 20,000 tonnes annually. Unlike some other kinds of edible crabs, you can easily break open the legs to get to the meat. When cooked, its claws are a light pink to red color with black tips. These crabs are also known as calling crabs, and belong to the family Ocypodidae. If they live in the wild, Hermit crabs are very social and live in colonies that are quite large, which might be because they are always on the lookout to steal another crab’s shell. The anemone benefits by receiving food scrapes from the crab, while the crab benefits by getting a bit of extra protection and camouflage. Actually, the coconut crab is a type of hermit crab. With a firm texture and a taste that is sweet and succulent, stone crabs have to be 2 to 2.75 ounces in size. With stone crabs, only the claws themselves are eaten, and since crabs can regenerate their claws every eighteen months, fishermen often twist off a claw and toss the crabs back into the water, leaving them with one claw to defend themselves. The jeweled anemone crab has a symbiotic relationship with two types of anemone. if ( localStorage.getItem(skinItemId ) ) { Crabs belong to the crustacean family and have over 4500 species. Bairdi crabs are also called “true” crabs, and their pincer claws are in the front of their legs. Compared to the size of other popular types of edible crabs, the Peekytoe crab is a medium-sized crab. Use a cracker on the tough, spiny leg clusters to access long, thick spears of meat inside. The Southern European crab is a type of small edible freshwater crab. The meat from cooked Blue crabs is described as salty-sweet. Certain crabs can also make a very tasty meal! One type of edible freshwater crab is the Southern European crab (Potamon fluviatile). Here, learn all about the general identifying information for the most well-known edible types of crab. They’re also one of the largest species of edible crab, with shells sometimes spanning 11 inches (and a leg span of 6 feet)! Crabs are a type of crustacean that belong to the order Brachyura. Dungeness crab is one of the best crabs to eat. This becomes a deep red color when cooked. Although the King crabs are quite large, only about one-fourth of it is actually edible – mainly the claws and the legs. Most Dungeness crabs live approximately ten years, and because of their taste, there is an extremely popular type of crab to eat. For simply steamed legs, try this King Crab Leg recipe. Coconut crabs are that they love coconuts and will even climb trees to get at them. These brownish-red colored claws (chelae) with black tips are the same color as its hard outer shell. There are also Dungeness crabs and blue crabs where most of the succulent snow-white meat is in the body. This species of crab is also found in the cold seas around Alaska and in the North Atlantic Ocean. Blue Crab . Found frequently in territories around the Pacific and Indian oceans, Coconut crabs only have two distinct predators – other Coconut crabs and human beings. 2. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); These invertebrates are omnivores and consume algae, fungi, bacteria, other crustaceans, mollusks, and worms. The Latin name for blue crabs means “beautiful swimmer,” and the name suits it well because it is a beautiful, blue-green-colored crab. The Horsehair crab (Erimacrus isenbeckii) is a popular crab variety in Japanese cuisine. From the many species of king crab, Red King crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) is a popular type of Alaskan crab. There are around 1,300 species of freshwater crabs, distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics, divided among eight families. Much of the delicious white meat is found in the legs of the Red King crab that can have a span of nearly 5 ft. (1.8 m)! This is certainly a giant among all the varieties of edible crabs. It has smaller chelae than other popular crabs, such as the Florida Stone crab. _g1.classList.remove('lazyload'); A rainbow land crab. They use gastropod shells that hide their soft abdomen as they grow larger because without these shells they are open to a predator’s attack. The Brown crab is one of the most popular varieties of crab in the United Kingdom. There are many types of edible crabs that have white, sweet, delicious meat when cooked. They can also be called rock or bay crabs, although the rock crabs are usually actually a type called a snow crab. This type of crab is usually only captured by its pincers, because that is where the biggest amount of meat is stored and with a more delicate flavor. It is also a variety of the Hermit crab, although it doesn’t have a shell when it is fully grown as those crabs do. You can usually find king crabs at the bottom of the ocean or on muddy, sandy floors at a depth of anywhere from 90 – 300 feet. Horseshoe crabs live primarily in and around shallow coastal waters on soft sandy or muddy bottoms. For example, snow crabs live in the cold waters around Alaska, Greenland, Siberia, and Japan. King crabs (Paralithodes camtschaticus) are counted as one of the best and most common types of edible crabs because of their large size and delightful taste. Scroll below to know more. As its name suggests, the Blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) has blue colored shell and legs when caught in the wild. In fact, its scientific name literally means ‘beautiful savory swimmer.’ These swimming crabs can grow to about 9” (23 cm) in width (excluding the length of the legs). This is not a problem for them, because they can grow another leg from the scar where the last one was found. They also have a unique form of protecting themselves, as they usually use one of their legs – which contains a small circular groove at the base – to snap off a leg should it be held by a predator or get entangled to the point where it cannot escape any other way. Alaskan waters house an array of these delicious crab breeds that are ready to be split open for your next meal. If you love crab, but don't know much about them nor the difference of the various types, you'll find these pages interesting, also with some great tips and crab facts. try { Although their shell-to-meat ratio is relatively small, they are still edible and very tasty. Cooking a Blue crab causes the shell to turn a distinct deep red color common to most cooked crustaceans. Blue crab claws are also available. Alaskan crab is more a crustacean rather than a true crab. Apart from the blue color of its shell, one of the identifying features of this popular crab variety is the shape of its body (carapace). Types of Tea: Varieties of Tea With Their Flavor, Caffeine Content and More, The Tastiest and Most Exciting Types of Cheese You Didn't Know About, Types of Bread: 20 Different Bread Types from Around the World (With Pictures and Names), Types of Cuisine From Around the World With Their Popular Foods, Types of Crabs: Different Kinds of Crabs from Around the World (with Pictures), Types of Fish with Their Name, Picture, and Flavor, Types of Oysters with Their Name, Picture, and Flavor. The crab varieties come by these names due to the color of their shells. INTRODUCTION TO THE CRABS, SHRIMPS AND CRAYFISH OF BRITISH COLUMBIA (ORDER DECAPODA) Pacific Red Hermit Crab (Elassochirus gilli), photo by Aaron Baldwin. The popular name of this crab was coined in Maine. The crab’s carapace usually measures up to 6.5” (17 cm) wide, making this a medium to large-sized crab. The bodies of these super-sized crustaceans can measure up to 11” (28 cm) across and weigh up to 28 lbs (nearly 13 kg). It is not so much an exploration of the different families of crabs as an examination of what kinds of places crabs live with examples of individual species. It also has various color such as orange, red, and purple. Different crab species require different marine environments for survival. With Hermit crabs, lifespans and sizes vary greatly and in fact, they can live anywhere from a few months all the way up to thirty years. Hermit crabs are not a true species of crab as they don’t belong to the Brachyura infraorder. Why is Volcanic Soil (Andisol) Very Fertile. These crabs are recorded among the largest species of crabs in the world. The brown shell turns a lighter shade of brown when cooked. _g1.setAttribute('srcset', _g1.getAttribute('data-srcset')); Because this crab looks like a horseshoe, this is how the item gets its name. Often called the Alaskan King crab, the Russian crab, or the Japanese crab, these crabs can get up to 25 pounds in weight and up to ten feet in size. var _g1; The Brown crab (Cancer pagurus) is an edible crab with a reddish-brown shell, legs, and claws. Most varieties of crab have hard outer shell (called an exoskeleton), 3 walking legs on either side of their body, and 2 pinching claws. Usually, soft-shell crabs are consumed whole sautéed or deep-fried. Brown, brown-yellow, or dark red carapace. They are bottom-dwelling omnivores whose males can reach up to nine inches in the width of their shell. What’s The Difference Between Fog and Clouds? The most prolific species on the east coast of the U.S., they range in size from 3 1/2 inches up to 5 1/2 inches or more on the market. } catch(e) {}, Nayturr Coconut crabs eat meats, nuts, fruits, and seeds, and one aspect that makes them unique is their inability to survive for long periods of time under the water – in fact, they will eventually drown if they are underwater for too long. There are three different types of king crabs that get harvested commercially: the red, blue, and golden king crab. } This also gives a pink tinge to the edges of the savory Alaskan crab meat that you extract from the claws and legs. Analysis of some of these crabs are as follows; 1. Northern Kelp Crab Pugettia producta Typical size: 1-3” across carapace ID: Smooth carapace top. Crabs are very old creatures, dating back to the Jurassic Period which was 200 million years ago. Of all of the Snow crab varieties, this type of crab is by far the largest, and it can be steamed, boiled, grilled, sautéed, or even roasted. There are many types of crab; each crab has its own characteristics and is used for cooking or for different purposes. The meat extracted from the claws is one of the best to eat – it is sweet and succulent with a firm texture. try { Coconut crabs inhabit islands in the Indian and Pacific oceans. They have meat that is tender and sweet, and they are some of the most heavily harvested animals on the planet. Horseshoe crabs are from the Limulidae family and live in shallow coastal waters of the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific Oceans. They are small crabs of no more than 5 cm across which are distributed along West Africa, the Western Atlantic, the Eastern Pacific and the Indo-Pacific. The Brown crab is one of the most popular varieties of edible sea crab in the UK. One of the unique features of this crab-like species is that they don’t develop their own hard exoskeleton. Bairdi crabs are a member of the snow crab species and one of the few types of edible crabs. In recent years, Bairdi crabs have suffered due to overfishing, which has resulted in strict controls being placed over fisheries that specialize in this type of crab. In fact, Hermit crabs consider their shells so important that they are known to kill other Hermit crabs in order to steal their shell. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); Snow Crabs. Snow crabs found in the Bering Sea can be found approximately 650 feet below the surface, in sandy or muddy environments. In the waters of U.S. Pacific Ocean we can find three major types of crabs which are the Alaskan king crab, the Dungeness crab and the Snow crab. The Peekytoe crab (Atlantic rock crab) is a type of cold ocean crab. Their popular name is a misnomer, as they are not true crabs, nor even crustaceans, as crabs are, but a different order of arthropod.. You can find them in the depth of 450 feet. They like to have them stuck to whatever shell they are in. Soft-shell crabs. At the end of the article, you will also learn about a few crab species and different types of crabs that are rarely consumed. Found quite frequently on the Eastern coast of the United States, blue crabs can be from 3.5 to 5.5 inches in sizes, sometimes larger. Aside from its size, this small crab can actually be found in the depth until 790 m beneath the sea. The crabs with less meat will float to the top of the tank, and they then sell those crabs as “lights.”. Their size could reach up to 10 inches. This is not as large as the Red King crab, but can still weigh up to 18 lbs (8.2 kg). The rugosus, or ruggie, comes in a variety of colors: black, blue, tan, gray, peach, and even white. Golden crabs are not as popular as the other types of crabs in Florida because they are harder to find. Although rarely on the menu, Coconut crabs (Birgus latro) are an edible type of land-dwelling crab. Over their lifetime, Snow crabs usually migrate from shallow to deep waters. Rather than a round type of carapace, the side of a Blue crab’s body protrudes to a point. Nayturr Blue Crab A native of the western edge of the Atlantic Ocean, the blue crab ranges from Nova Scotia to Argentina. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-mobile-inverted-img'); Moreover, each long leg of the Coconut crab can be as wide as three feet in span, although their maximum size isn’t reached until they are roughly forty to sixty years old. } catch(e) {}. One of the identifying features of the Florida Stone crab is its large pincers on the front of its body. Their behavior has also earned them various names. There are giant snow crabs or king crabs with their long spiky legs and claws that contain most of the crab’s meat. However, Ecuadorian crabs have more variation of color, such as darker-colored feet, whereas the body of a ruggie is the same, uniform color. 13+ Different Types of Crabs. Alaskan King Crab. Types of pet crabs Rainbow land crab and Halloween land crab. They vary in size from the Pea Crab which is 0.27 to 0.47 inches in length to the Japanese Spider Crab that spans 12 feet from claw to claw. This is a type of green crab that is generally found in rivers and streams in Italy, Greece and the Balkans. The body of this dark-brown colored crab can grow up to 7” (17 cm) across. Introduction . The total number of species of freshwater crabs, including undescribed species, is thought to be up to 65% higher, potentially up to 2,155 species, although most of the additional species are currently unknown to science. Its Latin name, Calinectes sapidus, means "beautiful swimmer," and it is indeed a beautiful blue-green color. By law, stone crabs have to be boiled for seven minutes, after which they must be frozen or put on ice. } Crabs make up 20% of all marine crustaceans caught, farmed, and consumed worldwide, amounting to 1.5 million tonnes annually. if ( localStorage.getItem(skinItemId ) ) { The Horseshoe crab is a type of arthropod and, despite their name, are not a true variety of crab. Some of them make great pets, whereas others aren’t as suitable. 456. However, the Florida stone crab is found in warmer seas in the Gulf of Mexico, on the coast of Florida, and in salt marshes in some US states. Snow crabs (rock crabs) are a type of edible Alaskan crab. In order to be harvested, they are required by law to be a minimum of 6.25 inches in length, and only the males are allowed to be harvested. Looking like the rock star of the crab world, the orangutan crab is a small species of … The reason they are called. Its carapace can grow up to 5.25” (13 cm) in diameter. This page takes a look at some the most interesting types of crabs and how they live.

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